Ciceron Biography

Ciceron, born Marcus Tullius Cicero on January 3, 106 BC, was a Roman philosopher, statesman, and orator. He is widely regarded as one of the greatest speakers in the history of Western civilization.

Ciceron’s eloquence and persuasive abilities made him a prominent figure in Roman politics during the late Republic. He was known for his powerful speeches, which often addressed societal issues and advocated for justice and civil rights. Ciceron was born in Arpinum, a small town southeast of Rome, to a wealthy family.

Despite his aristocratic background, he was deeply committed to the principles of Roman republicanism and dedicated his life to public service.

He received an exceptional education and studied philosophy, rhetoric, and law under some of the most renowned scholars of the time. In 75 BC, Ciceron began his political career by successfully defending Sextus Roscius against false charges of patricide.

This high-profile case catapulted him into the public eye and established his reputation as a brilliant lawyer.

Ciceron’s legal triumphs helped him gain influence and popularity among the common people, making him a formidable force in Roman politics. Throughout his career, Ciceron held various positions in the Roman government, including quaestor, praetor, and consul.

He played a crucial role in exposing the Catilinarian conspiracy, a plot to overthrow the Roman Republic, through a series of powerful speeches known as the Catilinarian Orations.

Ciceron’s compelling arguments against the conspirators earned him immense praise and reinforced his reputation as a defender of the republic. Despite his political achievements, Ciceron’s involvement in the tumultuous world of Roman politics eventually led to his downfall.

In 58 BC, he was exiled by his political enemies and withdrew from public life.

However, his exile did not dampen his intellectual pursuits. During this period, Ciceron continued to write extensively on philosophy, ethics, and rhetoric, producing some of his most celebrated works. Ciceron eventually returned to Rome in 57 BC and resumed his political career. However, his influence and power gradually diminished as the Roman Republic teetered on the brink of collapse.

In 43 BC, he was accused of treason and executed by order of Mark Antony.

Despite his tragic end, Ciceron left an indelible mark on Roman history and his writings continue to be studied and revered to this day.

Celebrity pics. Photo-gallery of celebrities